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Unleashing Intelligence through natural language (Part 4 - Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom)

In this series I reveal Natural Laws of Intelligence contained within grammar, that can be utilized to unleash intelligence through natural language in software. These laws are extremely simple, but still undiscovered by scientists.

Experts in knowledge technology should be familiar with the DIKW Hierarchy (Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom): In order to understand the difference between Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom, we need to define intelligence first:

"Intelligence is a naturally occurring phenomenon, which can be described as the capability of autonomously organizing:

Basic intelligence: the capability of autonomously avoiding chaos, creating order or restoring order;
Creative intelligence: the capability of autonomously creating or improving a beautiful piece of work or a functional system;
Semantic intelligence (understanding): the capability of autonomously understanding one another's meaning or intention;
Self-intelligence (consciousness, self-esteem): the capability of autonomously recognizing one's own influence on the environment.

The capability of autonomously organizing explained in more detail:

Associating (= combining) of individual or separate objects, with the aim of achieving a goal that can not be achieved by either of those objects separately;
Discriminating (= differentiating) compound or intertwined objects, with the aim to clarify the situation, by putting them in their own context;
Learning from mistakes (Using knowledge and experience to differentiate successes from mistakes);
Planning future actions (= setting goals);
Predicting possible consequences of those planned actions." (

Now we are able to define Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom:

Data is unstructured;
Information has structure, but it has no Semantic Intelligence;
Knowledge is the result of the process of Semantic Intelligence (autonomously associating and autonomously discriminating);
Wisdom is the result of (full) intelligence, including autonomously learning from mistakes, autonomously planning of future actions and autonomously predicting possible consequences.

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Tags: DIKW, data, definition, information, intelligence, knowledge, wisdom


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